Tag Archives: wa

Grammar of the Week |~과 (-gwa) vs ~와 (-wa) Activity + 위 (wi) [Word of the Day]


Let’s start with the Word of the Day! Last time, the word was 밑 (mit). I’ve decided this week will be a “directional word” theme. I think I’ve done this before as a vocabulary list as well.

위 (wi) | “up; on top; above”


And now for the Activity! I almost didn’t do this but I figured it’d still be good to get some extra practice on this subject.

For this activity, you’re going to translate each of the sentences. So if it’s written in Korean, translate it to English and if it’s written in English, translate it to Korean.

  • ~와 (-wa)
    1. 핸드폰 와 이어폰 = ?
    2. 꽃 와 잡초 = ?
    3. house with garage = ?
  • (~gwa)
    1. 커피 과 차 = ?
    2. car with bicycles = ?

I’ll give the answers next week!



Grammar of the Week | ~과 (-gwa) vs. ~와 (-wa) + 가방 (gabang) [Word of the Day]

Ok so today is going to be a bit of a three-fold. We have the new WOTD, the answers for last week and a new lesson this week. Let’s do the easy part first.

가방 (gabang) | “bag”


And now the answers from last week’s activity!

Practice words: (answers)

  1. 먹다 (to eat)
    • “먹러 가다” | “to go eat” = 먹다 + ~러 갔어
      • 먹다 = drop 다
      • 먹 + ~러 갔어
  2. 마시다 (to drink)
    • “마시러 가다” | “to go see” = 마시다 + ~러 갔어
      • 마시다 = drop 다
      • 마시 + ~러 갔어


Let’s get started on the new lesson.

This week we’re talking about ~과 (-gwa) vs ~와 (-wa). We’ve discussed the importance of particles before but as a quick review, why are particles so important in Korean? Why do you need to know them?

Particles | “endings attached to words the show the significance of a particular word in a sentence”

There are a few different types of particles and if you want to know more about them, you can click back to the Particles in Korean series starting here at Part 1. I will eventually come back to this topic since I do think this is something I probably should update but to get a basic idea about what particles are, follow the link above.

So where how do ~과 (-gwa) and ~와 (-wa) classify as a particle? They’re what I call “connecting particles”. (I wonder if I made that up or if it’s a real thing?) But I call them that because of what they do. They act in a way that can connect two clauses.

~과 (-gwa) and ~와 (-wa) | “and; with; in relation to”

The difference is ~과 (-gwa) follows consonants and ~와 (-wa) follows vowels.


~와 (-wa)

  • 종이와 연필 | paper and pencil
  • 우유와 딸기 | strawberries with milk

~과 (-gwa)

  • 친구들과 | with friends
  • 가족과 | with family
  • 탁자과 의자들 | table and chairs 

Alright so that’s it for this week. I’m not sure if I’ll do an activity next week or a new lesson since this is pretty straightfoward. We’ll see…

See you next time!