Tag Archives: verbs

웃다 ‎(utda) | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

So today is the last example for this lesson. I’ll be doing a new grammar lesson next week as well as a Foreign Language Tip and a new Artist of the Week!

This lesson will be really short. I don’t want to talk too much because then I start over explaining and it gets a bit confusing. So I’ll stick to the point!

웃다 ‎(utda) | “to laugh; to grin”

i.e.,

  • 웃음는 소년 (uteumneun sonyeon) | “the boy who laughs/the boy laughing”

Okay so that’s it! I hope this was pretty easy to follow. Again, if you have any questions feel free to comment below!

See ya next week!

Descriptive Sentences pt. 2 | [Grammar of the Week]

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Alright so today is part 2 of the Descriptive Sentences grammar lesson. You may be wondering why I haven’t been blogging these past couple of weekends. And I’ll explain. With the new way of doing the Grammar of the Week and WOTD, I’m thinking it’s a bit of redundancy. The only other option I can think of to make this less of repetitiveness that you just don’t want to read anymore is to either A) Make Thursday completely unrelated with a new word or B) Cut back on the days I blog. I’m trying out both ways and then you guys let me know which one works better.

It is a bit difficult managing a blog full-time, tumblr, and working full-time so there are areas that are suffering. I’m aware of it. I haven’t forgotten about the tumblr. I will be back on there shortly. It’s just an impromptu hiatus for now. We’ll say definitively around late February – early March. But I will be posting every so often in between then.

Okay, let’s get started!

Let’s review from last week.

Simply add ㄴ/은 to the adjective stem.

i.e.,

  • 예쁜
  • 작은

Like I said before, this is basically just adjective usage. Today, I’m going to show you how to do the same thing using a verb.

This is not something common in English. We are taught that verbs are action words. They describe what you’re doing at the moment, what you’re going to do in the future, or what you’ve already done. However, using a verb to describe a noun is not necessarily something you really think about in English. It can be done and it is done often.

  • i.e., “The boy who drives…” 
    • Technically, the verb “drives” is describing the noun, “The boy”.
    • You’ll also notice that verb comes after the noun in a descriptive way. So the full sentence could look something like this, “Hey, it’s that guy who drives the red car!”
      • Even though we’ve added a color to the car, the sentence is still about “the boy who drives.”

Okay, so how is it differently in Korean? In Korean, the verb comes before the noun.

  • i.e., “운전하는 소년”
    • This is probably a bit confusing because everytime we’ve talked about sentence structure, we’ve talked about “s-o-v” or “s-a”. Either way, the subject always comes first. In this sentence, the Verb comes before the Subject.
    • This doesn’t actually change that structure because, “운전하는 소년” is still the subject of your sentence. You’ve just added a descriptive verb to the noun. This can now be added to those same sentence structures.
    • But how? Because this is nothing different than what we’ve already been doing with adjectives. 

Let’s look at some examples:

  • 빨간 차를 운전하는 소년. | “The boy who drives the red car.”
  • 스포츠를하는 여자. | “The girl who plays sports.”

Alright so we’re going to stop here. We’ll look at this more this week.

I know this lesson is probably a bit more complicated than what we’ve done in the past but if you have any questions please feel free to comment below! I will answer all your questions the best I can!

깉다 (gilda) + (descriptive modification) | [Word of the Day]

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There is one part I don’t think I clarified and that is, “does it matter if you use ㄴ/은?” The answer is yes!

ㄴ | vowels

은 | consonants

Basically, we’re not covering anything remarkably new… yet. This is another lesson adjectives and how to use them because next week, we’re going to be modifying verbs to describe nouns and you’ll need to remember how to do this lesson with adjectives in order to do so properly.

Okay, let’s get started!

깉다 (gilda) | “long”

i.e.,

  • 긴 영화 {gin yeonghwa) | long movie
  • 그 영화를 보았다. 그것은 긴. (geu yeonghwaleul boassda. geugeos-eun gin.) | “I saw that movie. It was long!”

Okay, so that’s it for today. Another familiar word. Hopefully this repetition is starting to help you a bit in your studies.

That’s all for today!

Descriptive Sentences | [Grammar of the Week]

안녕하세요!

Impromptu, I took about a 4-day vacation and though I did miss you guys a lot… it was really needed! I intended to blog as usual on Thursday but I completely forgot that I hadn’t done anything for it. However, I won’t make excuses. We’re just going to start fresh today.

We’ve talked about descriptive words before, such as adjectives and how to use them in a sentence. However, there is a system that’ll make using this a lot easier to describe a noun and a verb. This will be a two-part so let’s start with the easiest this week and next week we’ll do the more challenging one.

Part 1: Describing a Noun

Simply add ㄴ/은 to the adjective stem.

i.e.,

  • 예쁜
  • 작은

Once you have added this to the stem of these adjectives, you can begin to build descriptive sentences.

i.e.,

  • 예쁜 여자이가. | “Pretty girl”
  • 이것은 작은 방입니다. | “This is a small room.”

It’s really short and simple. We’ll look at this more all week to get you familiar with it before moving on the more difficult part 2!