Tag Archives: new language

Telling Time + – 에 | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

We have finally reached the final day of expressing time. I hope this is something that you can use to help with the previous lesson on telling time. I realize when I covered it before it was written in more of a post format and not necessarily one that was really explanatory so I wanted to fix that this week.

Let’s get started!

To tell time, you need to know Native Korean numbers 1-12 as well as the counter 시 for hours.

한 시 | hana = 1 ‘o’ clock
두 시  | dul = 2 ‘o’ clock
세 시  | set = 3 ‘o’ clock
네 시 | ne = 4 ‘o’ clock
다섯 시 |daseot = 5 ‘o’ clock
여섯 시 | yeoseot = 6 ‘o’ clock
일곱 시 | ilgop = 7 ‘o’ clock
여덟 시 | yeodeol = 8 ‘o’ clock
아홉 시 | ahop = 9 ‘o’ clock
열 시 | yeol = 10 ‘o’ clock
열한 시 | yeolhana = 11 ‘o’ clock
열두 시 | yeoldul = 12 ‘o’ clock

Normally, we would just look at the numbers as they are, but I’m going to switch things up a bit and add minutes. To tell time using minutes in Korean, you need to know Sino-Korean numbers 1-59. (I won’t list them all here.) But they are 일, 이, 삼, 사, etc. with the counter 분 for minutes.

Okay, so example, 열두 시 삼십분 or  12시 30분.

You can write it out using numbers but you need to know which set of numbers to use when you pronounce it.

Now that we’ve covered that! Let’s look at telling time using a location particle.

i.e.,

  • 가게는 8시 45분에 열립니다. (gage-neun yeodeol-si saship-o bun-e yeollida.) | “The store opens at 8:45.”

We want to be a bit more specific though. What time of day does the store open?

  • 가게는 아침 8시 45 분에 열립니다. or 가게는 오전 8시 45 분에 열립니다.
    • The store opens at 8:45 in the morning.
    • The store opens at 8:45 a.m.

But what about on Tuesday?

  • 화요일에 오전 8시 45 분에 열립니다. (hwayoil-e ojeon 8si 45 bun-e yeollibnida.) | “It opens at 8:45 a.m. on Tuesday.

Okay, so we kinda pulled the whole week together! Hopefully this made sense and wasn’t too all over the place. On to a new topic next time!

See you next week!

Days of the Week + -에| [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

Learning the days of the week is a topic that I personally think should come at the top of your list when you’re first learning Korean. I say this because in almost every single language learner class I know, the days of week are in the top 10 of what you learn first.

Today, instead of just looking at the words, we’ll be using them in sentences.

Let’s get started!

  • 월요일
  • 화요일
  • 수요일
  • 목요일
  • 금요일
  • 토요일
  • 일요일

There isn’t exactly a days of the week song for this so repetition is key! I included a video below that’ll help with pronunciation. I was originally going to include weekday and weekend, this/last/next week, year, etc. but I thought that would be a bit much for now. I’ll include them later on. I’ll still use them in examples and highlight the words when I do.

Scenario : Mina is making plans with her friend Jessica.


Mina: 토요일에 영화 보러 갈 수 있을까요? | “Can we go to the movies on Saturday?”

Jessica: 네, 몇시? | Yes, what time?

Mina:”오후에 어때?” | “How about in the afternoon?”

Jessica: 오, 갈 수 없어. 주말 오후에 영어공부를 합니다. 밤에 어때? | “Oh I can not go. I study English in the afternoon on the weekends. How about at night?”


And of course Mina agreed to the plans!

That’s it for today! Check out the video below to help with pronouncing the Days of the Week!

Time of Day + -에 | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

Previously, we looked at how to talk about time and location without specifically mentioning the time. Today, we’re going to look at more examples of this using the words오전, 오호,아침, 점심, 저녁, and 밤.

Let’s get started!

시간

  • 오전 | a.m.
  • 오호 | p.m.
  • 아침 | morning
  • 점심 | mid-day
  • 저녁 | evening
  • 밤 | night

Why is 오전 (am) and 오호 (pm) used here? Because 오호 can be used to represent the afternoon, i.e. second example. And 오전 can be used to express the morning time as well. I wouldn’t necessarily say they are interchangeable with any of the other words but just keep in mind that they can take on similar meanings.

  • 아침에 일하러 가요. (achim-e ilhaleo gayo.) | “I go to work in the morning.”
  • 그는 오후에 수영하러 간다. (geuneun ohue suyeonghaleo ganda.)| “He goes swimming in the afternoon.”
  • 우리 아빠가 저녁에 올거야. (uli appaga jeonyeog-e olgeoya.) | “My dad will be here in the evening.”
  • 밤에 커피를 마셔요. (bam-e keopileul masyeoyo.) | “I drink coffee at night.”

Okay so I didn’t use all the words but hopefully you can still use what I did show to express similar sentences with the other words.

That’s it for today!

시간 + -에 (Time and Location) | Grammar of the Week

안녕하세요!

Okay so this is probably another lesson that you’ll remember we talked about before in the past. However, I noticed that even though we covered this topic and used examples, it wasn’t anything you could really apply to daily conversations. So this week we’ll be pulling it all together to create something substantial. We’ll be looking at time of day, days of the week, and telling time as they coincide with where you’ll be or what you’re doing.

Let’s get started!

Today will be a good bit of review and then we’ll look at scenarios throughout the week with Min-ho and Mina.

시간

  • 오전 | a.m.
  • 오호 | p.m.
  • 아침 | morning
  • 점심 | mid-day
  • 저녁 | evening
  • 밤 | night

While, we know that time in particular refers to telling time like 8:00, we can use words like the above to discuss when something is taking place rather than giving a specific time in the event you don’t know know what time it is or the time was already discussed or whatever the case may be.

This week will be relatively short since we are only looking at this for context purposes and how to apply these words to everyday conversations.

Let’s see how we can use this in daily conversation in place of the time.


Scenario: Min-ho planning a family dinner with Mina.

Min-ho: 누나. 예약을 할 것이다. | “Nuna, I am going to make reservations.”

Mina: 왜 | “Why?”

Min-ho: 저녁을 위해 이 저녁에 | “For the dinner this evening”

Mina: 오, 그래. 왜 우리 요리 안 해? | “Oh, I see. Why don’t we cook instead?”


So as you can see in the above scenario, a specific time was not needed however the time of day still needed to be discussed.

That’s it for today! We will be looking at times and locations all this week!