Earlier this week we learned, “몇시입니가?” (Myeot-si-ip-niga?) and how to respond! We learned the various ways to read time and express the time of day but now, we’re going to focus on the Days of the Week!
오늘은 무슨 요일 입니까? (oneul-eun museun yoil ibnikka?) means “What is today?” So to answer, you would say,
“오늘 은…” (oneul eun/Today is…)
일요일 (il-yoil) Sunday
월요일 (wol-yoil) Monday
화요일 (hwa-yoil) Tuesday
수요일 (su-yoil) Wednesday
목요일 (mog-yoil) Thursday
금요일 (geum-yoil) Friday
토요일 (to-yoil) Saturday
If you notice something, each day of the week is followed by the 요일 (yoil) ending. This actually means, “day of the week). It’s pretty easy right? The hangul before “요일” is actually a special name for each day of the week. If you notice, there are names that are elements for the days the week. The interesting thing I found out is that these days are actually related to planets in the solar system. Interesting right?
일 [il] = the Sun (Sunday)
월 [wol] = the Moon (Monday)
화 [hwa] = fire (Tuesday)
수 [su] = water (Wednesday)
목 [mok] = tree (Thursday)
금 [geum] = gold, iron (Friday)
토 [to] = earth, soil, ground (Saturday)
Person 1: “오늘은 무슨 요일 입니까? (oneul-eun museun yoil ibnikka?)”
Person 2: “오늘 은 화요일” (oneul eun hwa-yoil).
Now, let’s say you wanted to say the month, the ending is 월 (wol) meaning “month”. But how do you signify which month? You use the Sino-Korean Number system (1-12) with 월. For example, let’s say we were in the month of April, then you would way, “사월” (sa-wol). So “사” means 4 and “월” means month. So it’s literally, “the 4th month” or “April”.
Telling the date in Korean is actually different from English. In English, we have the standard, month/day/year format. But in Korean, it’s year/month/day. So today’s date is 11/7/2014. In Korean it would be written, 2014년11월7일. You notice the word “년 (nyeon)” behind 2014? That means year. Now I wrote the date in shorthand but it be written out in hangul using the Sino-Korean system.
So now, you can effectively tell the time and the date right? Hahaha! I know you can! So that’s it for today! Next week we’ll cover, “Today”, “Tomorrow”, “Yesterday”, “Last week”, etc.
Today, 금요일, 2014년11월7 at 오전08시10분. What time is it where you are?
-Until 월요일! … 행운을 담아