“Jeoldae”, “Eobseo”, -imnida [Word of the Day Series]

These words are said repeatedly in kdramas and songs. I can think of many situations where I’ve heard

“Ani! Jeoldae ani!” But what does it mean??? After literally months of searching, (searches ranging from ‘churte’, ‘churto’, ‘jurto’, ‘jertdo’) I finally found it! I was listening to someone reading a verse when I heard them say it. At the time I had no way to write it down so I just highlighted it and came back to it today. I was so excited and I figured somewhere, someone was searching for this word too.

However, I’m covering that last. Hehehehehe.

Today’s word of the day is actually, “-imnida” or “-seumnida”. These two phrases can be found at the end of words like “joesnghamnida” (I’m sorry – formal), “mannaseo bangepseumnida” (It’s nice to meet you), and the more popular phrase, “gamsahamnida” (thank you – formal). {s/n: there are a few other ways to say ‘thank you’ and we will cover that later}.

“-imnida”, and “-seumnida” mean is/are. It is one of those endings that is formal and honorific. Meaning, you use this when speaking to people you don’t know, people who are older than you, basically, you use it in ways to dignify (or honor) the person you’re speaking with. Again, these follow a vowel/consonant pattern. “-imnida” (vowel) and “seuminda” (consonant).

Now, the other one I’ll introduce today is “-ishimnida”. Edit: This is the honorific of “ida” (to be) am/is/are. “-isseumnida” (just like isseoyo) is used to express possession. “I have/you have/she has”. These two endings are formal and I really can’t think of an instance where you’d use it in everyday conversation. I guess if you’re talking to a boss or something…

______ Now, for “Jeoldae”. It actually has two meanings depending on how it’s written.

The first meaning, is “never” and the second is “absolutely”. Mystery solved!!! So if you’ve been looking for it… There it is!

For “Eobseo”, think ‘absence’ when you hear it. Remember “isseoyo” which indicates existence of something? Well, “eobseo” or “eobseoyo” would indicate the absence of something. It means, “not to have” or “without”.

So add those words to your vocabulary list! And now, if you were here yesterday, you saw the post with the exercises for the past WOTD posts. ((If you haven’t seen it stop reading!!)) Below are the answers!

  • If you were going to greet someone older than you, you would say ____________.

Answer: Annyeonghaseyo

  • If you were to ask someone their name… what  would you ask?

Answer: Seonghami eotteoke dueseyo?

  • How would I say, “It’s nice to meet you!”

Answer: Mannaseo bangepseumnida.

  • There is an older brother.

Answer: Hyeongi isseoyo

  • It is my older sister.

Answer: Eonniyeyo.

Which letter is the most appropriate response.

**Word Bank: (a. Namja – Man b. Yeoja – Woman)**

  • Jeoneun yeojayeyo. Jeoneun (a. eonnie or b. hyeong) yeyo.

Answer: Jeoneun eonnie yeyo.

  • Jeoneun namjaiyeyo. Jeoneun (a. eonnie or b. hyeong) yeyo.

Answer: Jeoneun hyeongiyeyo.

So how did you do? If you missed any of them, that’s ok! Truthfully speaking, when I was writing the answers I actually got number 4 wrong. (oopsies!) But it’s ok, we’re all learning! Hopefully the exercise was helpful for you! I’ll try to post more of them so that you can have some type of aide when while you’re practicing your Korean.

That’s all for today! Haenguneul dama! (All the Best!)

More Exercises for “Word of the Day” Series

Just in case the workbook link is either not enough or too much… I’ll give you a few exercises now. Check back tomorrow for the answers in the next WOTD post!

Fill in the blank.

1) If you were going to greet someone older than you, you would say ____________.

2) If you were to ask someone their name… what  would you ask?

3) How would I say, “It’s nice to meet you!”

4) There is an older brother.

5) It is my older sister.

Which letter is the most appropriate response.

**Word Bank: (a. Namja – Man b. Yeoja – Woman)**

1) Jeoneun yeojayeyo. Jeoneun (a. eonnie or b. hyeong) yeyo.

2) Jeoneun namjaiyeyo. Jeoneun (a. eonnie or b. hyeong) yeyo.

You got this! Check back tomorrow for the answers! 🙂

Haenguneul dama! (All the Best!)

BEAST Comeback [K-Pop News]

October 16th marked B2ST’s 5th anniversary and as a surprise for their fans, they released their new music video for 12:30. This video is their first single from their 7th special mini-album, TIME. The album will contain six songs, the other five will be released as snippets with instrumental tracks as well. Personally, I’m extremely excited. I just started listening to them not too long ago so the new releases are just in time for me to make a solid opinion about them. So far, I’m a fan!

For more of the story, check out Koreaboo.com.