Category Archives: Word of the Day

가르치다 (galeuchida) | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

Word:

  • 가르치다 (gareuchida) | to teach
  • 가르쳐 주다 (galeuchyeo juda) } | to teach; to tell

i.e.,

  • 엄마가 요리하는 법을 가르쳐 주셨어요. (eommaga yolihaneun beob-eul galeuchyeo jusyeoss-eoyo.) | “My mom taught me how to cook.”
  • 나는 영어를 가르쳐요. (naneun yeong-eoleul galeuchyeoyo.) | “I teach English.”
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이야기하다 (or 얘기하다) vs. 말하다 | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

I’m not sure if I covered this yet, however, yesterday for the Weekly Lesson I used the word 얘기하다  which is a more natural way to say 이야기하다 in regular speech but they mean the same thing. I had this as a Word of the Day before in the past but I’ve never actually talked about it in depth like I’m going to do today.

So what’s the difference between 이야기하다 and 말하다?

Word(s):

  • 이야기하다 (iyagihada) | to talk (or converse)
  • 말하다 (malhada)| to talk (or speak)

Right away I’m sure you noticed the slight difference. Even though they both mean “to talk” they mean so in two slightly different ways.

  • 이야기하다 (iyagihada) | to talk (or converse)
    • As in to talk with someone
      • Examples:
        • A conversation between two friends
        • A conversation expressing thoughts and ideas

 

  • 말하다 (malhada)| to talk (or speak)
    • As in to talk to someone.
    • Examples:
      • You see someone so you say “Hey” or some type of greeting

So the big question, can they be used interchangeably?

Yes, technically speaking they can be. Since the differences are really minor it wouldn’t matter all that much which one you choose to use. But if you want to be specific then use the one that best relates to what you’re trying to say.

 

Weekly Lesson #45 | 시간 있어요? (Do you have time?)

안녕하세요!

We’ve kinda spent a lot of time going over different ways to talk about what you’re doing. But now we’re going to look at ways to ask someone else what they’re doing starting with asking a simple question, “Do you have time?” or “Are you free?”

Let’s get started!

Vocabulary:

  • 커피 | coffee
  • 시간 | time
  • 얘기하다 | to talk (have a conversation)
  • 운동 | exercise
  • 이번 주말 | this weekend
  • 오늘 | today

Grammar Point:

  • This isn’t so much as a grammar point as it is an explanation of the sentence structure when asking this question, 시간 있어요?
    • 시간 (time) + 있어요? (Do you have)
      • 있어요 comes from 있다 meaning “to exist” or “to have”

Examples:

  • 커피를 갈 시간 있어요? | Do you have time to get coffee? or Are you free to get coffee?”
  • 얘기 할 시간 있어요? | Do you have time to talk? or Are you free to talk?
  • 나와 함께 운동 할 시간 있어요? | Do you have time to exercise with me? or Are you free to exercise with me?
  • 이번 주말 시간이 있어요? | Do you have time this weekend? or Are you free this weekend?
  • 오늘 시간이 있어요? | Do you have time today or Are you free today?

이따가 와 (ittaga wa) | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

So to end the week I decided to share a phrase and the example will be how it can be used in a conversational setting.

Let’s get started!

Phrase:

  • 이따가 와 (ittaga wa) | “I’m coming later”

i.e.,

  • 나 가게 갈거야. (Na gage galgeoya) | I’m going to the store.”
  • 지금? (Jigeum)| right now?
  • 오. (Oh) | yes.
  • 언제 와? (eonje wa)| When will you be back?
  • 이따가 와 (ittaga wa) | I’m coming later (today)