-거든요 | “Because…” Reasoning in Korean [Grammar of the Week]

안녕하세요!

So, as I’ve told you guys before, I recently started working out of a new textbook to work in conjunction with Rosetta Stone, quizlet and memrise. I’ve been trying to share as I going through the book and teach the way the book has taught me. Even though Min-ho and Mina are not part of the textbook (my own imagination at work there) it does give pretty good conversational comics in it to help. I’m trying to incorporate that more here as well. So with that in mind…

This week, we’re going to focus on giving reasons for something.

For example,

  • “I didn’t go out.”
    • Reason: “It’s because I have been busy.”

So we’re focusing on the “it’s because” part. The way to do this in Korean is pretty simple and so this won’t be a very long post.

Let’s get started!

Beginning with how do you say it? We’re going to look at two different tenses, present and past tense. This week we will focus on present tense and next week we will look at past tense since they involve two different conjugations.

Verb/Adjective stem + 거든요

This ending is one of the most commonly used ones in everyday conversation because in most conversations we’re typically providing more details, reasons, and rationales for why we’re doing what we’re currently doing or why we’ve done what we did. There isn’t really a way to translate this to English other than saying, “it’s because” but that’s actually not needed. I added it for comprehension purposes but as you get the hang of it you won’t need to attach it to this particularly ending in the future.

Let’s look at an example:

  • Min-ho:  누나, 어디 가세요? | “Where are you going?”
  • Mina: 가게에 갈거야. 우리는 우유가 필요해거든요. |”I’m going to the store because we need milk.” or “I’m going to the store. We need milk.”

We’ll be looking at more examples of this in the present tense all this week with examples from siblings, Min-ho and Mina!

 

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