못 (Unintentionally couldn’t/didn’t)| [Grammar of the Week]

안녕하세요!

So it’s back! I’ve returned with a new week. Last week was rough but I’m glad I’m able to try to do something new this week. I’m still a little behind because I still spent another week not really doing anything. I’ve been so lazy and sluggish but I’m gonna still try to do something different.

This week we’re talking about how to use “can’t”, “couldn’t” and “didn’t”. I think this is one of the only negative forms I haven’t discussed yet. I’m not 100% sure. However, we’ll be looking at this week!

Let’s get started!

We used the negative word 안 and  -지마 to create negative sentences. Sentences like, “거기 가지마!” or “나는 안 먹었어.” To create the meaning, “I can’t (x)”, we’re going to focus on 안 and change it from 안 to 못.  So, 나는 안 먹었어 (I didn’t eat) becomes 나는 못 먹었어 (I couldn’t eat.)

Now why are we changing it? Because 안 insinuates an intentional situation. You didn’t eat because you just didn’t eat. You meant to do that.

Whereas, 못 insinuates an unintentional situation. You didn’t eat because there were factors preventing you from doing so.

i.e.,

  • 나 못 갔어. | “I can’t go.”
  • 그는 못 공부해. | “He couldn’t study.”

This week, we’ll be looking at ways to use this further!

 

 

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