We have finally reached the final day of expressing time. I hope this is something that you can use to help with the previous lesson on telling time. I realize when I covered it before it was written in more of a post format and not necessarily one that was really explanatory so I wanted to fix that this week.
Let’s get started!
To tell time, you need to know Native Korean numbers 1-12 as well as the counter 시 for hours.
한 시 | hana = 1 ‘o’ clock
두 시 | dul = 2 ‘o’ clock
세 시 | set = 3 ‘o’ clock
네 시 | ne = 4 ‘o’ clock
다섯 시 |daseot = 5 ‘o’ clock
여섯 시 | yeoseot = 6 ‘o’ clock
일곱 시 | ilgop = 7 ‘o’ clock
여덟 시 | yeodeol = 8 ‘o’ clock
아홉 시 | ahop = 9 ‘o’ clock
열 시 | yeol = 10 ‘o’ clock
열한 시 | yeolhana = 11 ‘o’ clock
열두 시 | yeoldul = 12 ‘o’ clock
Normally, we would just look at the numbers as they are, but I’m going to switch things up a bit and add minutes. To tell time using minutes in Korean, you need to know Sino-Korean numbers 1-59. (I won’t list them all here.) But they are 일, 이, 삼, 사, etc. with the counter 분 for minutes.
Okay, so example, 열두 시 삼십분 or 12시 30분.
You can write it out using numbers but you need to know which set of numbers to use when you pronounce it.
Now that we’ve covered that! Let’s look at telling time using a location particle.
- 가게는 8시 45분에 열립니다. (gage-neun yeodeol-si saship-o bun-e yeollida.) | “The store opens at 8:45.”
We want to be a bit more specific though. What time of day does the store open?
- 가게는 아침 8시 45 분에 열립니다. or 가게는 오전 8시 45 분에 열립니다.
- The store opens at 8:45 in the morning.
- The store opens at 8:45 a.m.
But what about on Tuesday?
- 화요일에 오전 8시 45 분에 열립니다. (hwayoil-e ojeon 8si 45 bun-e yeollibnida.) | “It opens at 8:45 a.m. on Tuesday.
Okay, so we kinda pulled the whole week together! Hopefully this made sense and wasn’t too all over the place. On to a new topic next time!
See you next week!