-니| [Grammar of the Week]

안녕하세요!

I picked this grammar topic because this is one of those words where there is a lot of information on it and not much that’s completely 100% definitive if you search through the web. The definition ranges from, “cutesy” and “반말” to “informal polite” and “added only to questions”. Since I’m sifting through the madness to create a definition that’s easy to follow, I’ll only stick with the translations that aren’t questionable and easy to understand.

Let’s get started!

-니 |

  • creates an interrogative meaning
  • used after irregular verb ㄹ
  • Derived from (으)니
    • (으)니 and (으)니까 meaning “because/since”
    • Connective endings – therefore the sentence must contain a clause leading to a second point
      • i.e, “Since it’s raining, we’ll stay inside.”

Okay, now that we’ve cleared that up, let’s look at some examples of the ending, -니.

i.e.,

  • “어떻게 말하니?” | “How do you say__?”

We’ll be looking at this for the rest of the week!

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