싶다, 먹다, and 나가다| [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

After yesterday’s lesson, I decided to change up a bit on how to explain this. It’s easy to do it when you’ve figured it out but explaining it is a little difficult and it can just look like a bunch of random sentences thrown in a post. However, the ultimate goal is creating your own. In hindsight, maybe this should’ve been the Grammar of the Week.

Let’s get started!

The word today, “싶다 (I want…)”

Word Bank

  • food
    • to go out to eat  
    • to eat lunch/dinner
    • a snack
  • travel
    • to go to Canada
    • to go with you
    • to run errands
  • Misc.
    • to listen to music
    • to attend/to go to the party
    • to learn how to paint

Okay, so those are some generic phrases that cover a wide range of activities and actions. So how do we create sentences based on these thoughts? Remember, sentence structure and conjugation rules still apply.

Sentence structure

  • S(ubject) – O(bject) – V(erb)
  • S(ubject) – A(djective)

Conjugation rules | Steps

  • What tense is this?
    • Past
    • Present
    • Future
  • Who am I talking to?
    • Informal
      • friend
      • close acquaintance
      • younger ones
    • formal
      • boss
      • stranger
      • older ones

Now let’s make a sentence based on the rules above.

“I want…” — > 싶다

  • What tense is this?
    • Present
  • Who am I talking to?
    • A friend
      • informal

싶다 — > 싶어 /싶어요

“…to go out to eat.” — > 먹다/나가다

  • What tense is this?
    • Present
  • Who am I talking to?
    • A friend
      • informal

먹다 — > 먹고
나가다 –> 나가서

Combining this sentence… what comes first?

Since these are all verbs, how we determine what comes first is by deciding what’s the overall topic of this sentence which is “going out to eat”. Secondly, we look at what’s functioning as the overall “thought” or in this case, adjective which is “I want” or “wanting” something.

  • Quick note: a “thought” isn’t a real thing in the context of how I used it. It’s just my way of remembering what’s the sentence is about. 

With that figured out, we can begin the sentence.

  • “to go out and eat”
    • 나가서 (to go out)
    • 먹고 (eat)

난 나가서 먹고 싶어. (nan nagaseo meoggo sip-eo.) | “I want to go out and eat.”

  • Seo | is a conjugation form I think we’ve talked briefly about but this is a connective form known as a “reason” or “clause”. In this case it supplies a reason by connecting the thoughts of “going out” and “eating”.
    • Why do you want to go out? — > reason “To eat”

At first glance, this sentence looks like it shouldn’t fit together because the verbs come before the adjective. However, Korean sentences need to end in either an adjective or a verb so this sentence works.

Alright so we’ll stop here because that is a lot to take in. The more you do this process the faster/easier it’ll become.

Tomorrow we’re going to look at how to create sentences using more of the phrases above!

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