잠그다 (jamgeuda) | [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

To end this week, I’m going to introduce a new word but I won’t give away which passive verb stem to use in the title this time. I’m going to let you guess.

잠그다 (jamgeuda) | “to lock; to fasten”

……

Figured it out yet? Remember the rules,

  1. Verbs that end in ㅎ다 like, 좋다
    1. 이 is added
    2. 좋[이]다
  2. Verbs ending in ㄱ다, -ㄷ다 or ㅂ다
    1. 히 is added
    2. ㄱ히다, ㄷ히다 or ㅂ히다
  3. Verbs that end in ㄹ다
    1. 리 is added
    2. ㄹ리다
  4. Verbs that end in ㄴ다, ㅁ다, ㅅ다 or ㅊ다
    1. 기 is added
    2. -ㄴ기다, -ㅁ기다, -ㅅ기다 or -ㅊ기다

Okay so what’s the ending? If you said 기 you’re correct! Why? Because technically this word ends in ㅁ다. You want to pay close attention to the stem of words. 그 in this word can throw you off.

Let’s look at an example!

i.e.,

  • 방은 잠겼다. (bang-eun jamgyeoss-da.) | “The room was locked.”
  • 그녀는 차를 잠겼다. (geunyeoneun chaleul jamgyeossda.) | “She locked the car.” 

Alright so that’s it! Next week we will look at active verbs which are actually a lot like what you’ve been doing if you’ve been participating!

See ya next time!

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