My apologies for this post coming so late. It was supposed to be yesterday but I just couldn’t get around to doing it. But I’m back today!
So this week is a continuation of last week’s grammar of the week. I won’t do a whole lot of talking so let’s review first and then jump into the new word.
There are suffixes, -이/히/리/기 and -아/어/여지다 that are used on verbs to express passive verbs.
So how do you do this?
Steps to follow:
There’s no real single clear cut real for these verb stems like the previous one, so you would have to do these a bit differently.
- Verbs that end in ㅎ다 like, 좋다
- 이 is added
- Verbs ending in ㄱ다, -ㄷ다 or ㅂ다
- 히 is added
- ㄱ히다, ㄷ히다 or ㅂ히다
- Verbs that end in ㄹ다
- 리 is added
- Verbs that end in ㄴ다, ㅁ다, ㅅ다 or ㅊ다
- 기 is added
- -ㄴ기다, -ㅁ기다, -ㅅ기다 or -ㅊ기다
Okay, now that we’ve gotten that refreshed in our minds, let’s look at the WOTD!
밀다 (milda) | “to push”
Following the steps above, we know that this is a verb ending in ㄹ다, so we follow those steps.
- 리 is added
- 밀 + 리
Now it has become, 밀리다 meaning, “to be pushed”.
- 문이 밀렸다. (mun-i millyeossda.) | “The door was pushed.”
- Even though we are changing these verbs to be passive verbs, it is still important to conjugate them into the proper tense. In the example above, it was conjugated to a past tense verb.