Grammar of the Week | Passive Verbs vs Action Verbs pt. 3 + 밀다 +리 [Word of the Day]

안녕하세요!

My apologies for this post coming so late. It was supposed to be yesterday but I just couldn’t get around to doing it. But I’m back today!

So this week is a continuation of last week’s grammar of the week. I won’t do a whole lot of talking so let’s review first and then jump into the new word.

Quick review!

There are suffixes, -이/히/리/기 and -아/어/여지다 that are used on verbs to express passive verbs. 

So how do you do this?

Steps to follow:

-이/히/리/기

There’s no real single clear cut real for these verb stems like the previous one, so you would have to do these a bit differently.

  1. Verbs that end in ㅎ다 like, 좋다
    1. 이 is added
    2. 좋[이]다
  2. Verbs ending in ㄱ다, -ㄷ다 or ㅂ다
    1. 히 is added
    2. ㄱ히다, ㄷ히다 or ㅂ히다
  3. Verbs that end in ㄹ다
    1. 리 is added
    2. ㄹ리다
  4. Verbs that end in ㄴ다, ㅁ다, ㅅ다 or ㅊ다
    1. 기 is added
    2. -ㄴ기다, -ㅁ기다, -ㅅ기다 or -ㅊ기다

Okay, now that we’ve gotten that refreshed in our minds, let’s look at the WOTD!

밀다 (milda) | “to push”

Following the steps above, we know that this is a verb ending in ㄹ다, so we follow those steps.

  1. 리 is added
    1. 밀 + 리
  2. ㄹ리다
    1. 밀리다

Now it has become, 밀리다 meaning, “to be pushed”.

i.e.,

  • 문이 밀렸다. (mun-i millyeossda.) | “The door was pushed.” 

Quick note:

  • Even though we are changing these verbs to be passive verbs, it is still important to conjugate them into the proper tense. In the example above, it was conjugated to a past tense verb.
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