Grammar of the Week | Passive Verbs, Active Verbs, and Descriptive Verbs pt. 2

안녕하세요!

Okay so today we are working on passive verbs with suffixes. We talked about it a bit last week but now we’re going to go into a bit more detail.

Review:

There are suffixes, -이/히/리/기 and -아/어/여지다 that are used on verbs to express passive verbs. 

So how do you do this?

Steps to follow:

-아/어/여지다

  1. Change the verb to present tense
  2. Drop -(아/어/여)요.
  3. Add -(아/어/여)지다.

-이/히/리/기

There’s no real single clear cut real for these verb stems like the previous one, so you would have to do these a bit differently.

  1. Verbs that end in ㅎ다 like, 좋다
    1. 이 is added
    2. 좋[이]다
  2. Verbs ending in ㄱ다, -ㄷ다 or ㅂ다
    1. 히 is added
    2. ㄱ히다, ㄷ히다 or ㅂ히다
  3. Verbs that end in ㄹ다
    1. 리 is added
    2. ㄹ리다
  4. Verbs that end in ㄴ다, ㅁ다, ㅅ다 or ㅊ다
    1. 기 is added
    2. -ㄴ기다, -ㅁ기다, -ㅅ기다 or -ㅊ기다

Alright, so now that we’ve seen the rules and how to do this, we’ll stop here. We’ll look at examples of this all week. Since there are so many of them, we might actually carry this over to next week as well.

That’s it for today!

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