Grammar of the Week | -ㄹ/을까(요) [Should we/I/he/she…?] (pt. 2)

안녕하세요!

Alright, last week we used the ending -ㄹ/을까(요) to talk about possibility. I also told you guys that this could also be used to express, “should”. This will be a really short lesson. It’s super simple because it’s honestly not much different from last week. We’ll be doing examples all week again and then next week we’ll do something different. Maybe another Kpop Teaches Korean Too?

Let’s get started!

I don’t remember if I broke this down as well as I should’ve last week but I’ll fix that this time.

Depending on the word you use, the ending will determine how you conjugate this ending. So for example, if the word ends in a vowel, you will need to use  -ㄹ 까(요).

  • Verb stems ending with a consonant
    • -을까요
    • i.e., “앉다 + -을까요”
      • 앉을까요
    • 앉다 (anjda) | “to sit”
  • Verb stems ending with a vowel
    • -ㄹ까요?
    • i.e., “오다 + -ㄹ까요”
      • 올까요
    • 오다 (o-da) | “to come”

And of course, with everything, there’s usually an exception to the rule. In this case, the exception would be a verb stem ending with ㄹ. In this instance, you would only use -까요.

  • Verb stems ending with ㄹ
    • -까요
    • i.e., “울다 + -까요”
      • 울까요
    • 울다 (ulda) | “to cry”

Alright, now that we’ve worked that part out. How do we use this in a way to express “should”?

i.e.,

  • “Should we go?”

It’s very similar to last week. Except, this is a bit of common sense thrown in. Last week we asked, “I wonder who she/he is.” You can’t exactly say “Should we… who she/he is?” That doesn’t exactly make a lot of sense but it does make sense to ask, “should we go to the park?”

Basically, we’re just writing the same sentence only with words that make sense for that sentence. So instead, “I wonder if it will rain” (possibility) we’re going to use new words with the same sentence structure.

i.e.,

  • 우리 식사 먹을까요? | “Should we eat dinner?”

You see it’s written the exact same way but we’ve changed the words. That’s all that’s changed.

We’ll stop here. I don’t want to start rambling and potentially confuse you. We’ll do some examples this week as well.

That’s it for today!

 

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