Alright so I’m starting the week off with a word I stumbled on a few days ago. I’ve heard it before but I honestly couldn’t remember what it meant and everytime I wanted to look it up, I forgot about it altogether.
So now here it is! The elusive word…
자네 (ja-ne) | “you; used generally in addressing a person of distinctly lower status”
Today’s Grammar of the Week is actually a post that should’ve been done a while back. I don’t really know how I got through not talking about this. We talked about the polite forms along with vowels and consonants here, here and here. And so I won’t go back into detail on that.
So let’s talk about (~(으)시).
(~(으)시) is added to the verbs in the sentence when we are talking about someone of higher position than us or talking to someone in a higher position than us. Basically, someone who is in a position of respect. This would include, parents, teachers, boss, older ones, customers, etc.
“I will study hard!”
In English, this works fine to say to whomever. In Korean, not so much. It all depends on whom you’re speaking with.
- Friend: “나 열심히 공부해. (na yeolsimhi gongbuhae.)
- Someone in a position of respect: 저는 열심히 공부합시다. (jeoneun yeolsimhi gongbuhabsida.)
Notice in the second sentence, not only did the pronoun for “I” change, but you also added in ~(으)시 when conjugating the verb 공부하다.
So this is just a quick lesson to keep in mind. It is pretty important if you’re planning on learning Korean fluently and maybe even possibly moving to Korean. I would suggest looking over the lesson here at howtostudykorean.com and paying attention the chart below.
|있다 (to be at)
(chart source: howtostudykorean)
So that’s it for this week!